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Flag algeria
Official name Al-jumhûriyyatu l-jazâ'iriyya (Republic Algeria)
Head of State Abdelaziz Bouteflika
Geography Algeria's north is fairly fertile with agriculture land in between forested mountains. There are two mountain ranges dominating this region, Atlas and Kabyle. The desert starts quickly after leaving the coastal area, at first only as stone desert, but soon with large areas with sand desert. Desert dominates large parts of Algeria's vast territory, and Algeria is among the countries filling most of the world's largest desert, Sahara. There are some settlements all over the desert region. In the south of Algeria the large massif Hoggar is found.
Area 2.381.741  square km
Capital Algiers (2,9 million inhabitants, 2003 estimate)
Official language Arabic, Berber, French is spoken by many high educated people
Currency Dinar (AD) = 100 Centimes
Weights/ measures Metric system
Exchange Rate 1 USD = 70.50 AD (January 21, 2010)
Time GMT plus 1 hour
Legal system Islamic law with French influence
Country code 213
Entrance/Visa Regulations involve the need for a visa for all nationals, except for people from other Arab countries. Waiting time is the other obstacle. Prices for one-month visas varied from free to US$100. People should apply for a visa from home, some weeks before they set off. But trying to get one in Morocco or Tunisia, should be possible, and might even turn out to be easy as travelers reported.
Customs/Duty free Customs regulations of Algeria are subject to change at any time.
Health advice There are no major health dangers. But travelers should note that bottled water is sometimes difficult to find, especially if setting out into Sahara. Diarrhea will be unavoidable for most travelers staying in Algeria for some time, or who travel around the country.
Climate Algeria is a hot country, but the coastal region is pleasant most year through. The Sahara Desert should only be traveled in after serious consideration depending on the health status of each traveler. In the North, the Kabyle region, rainfall/snowfall is as high as 1,000 mm annually. Most parts of Sahara has years passing by without any rain at all. In the capital Algiers and the North coastal regions August is the warmest month, and January the coldest. Here the maximum/minimum temperature is 30°C/22°C in August, and 16°C/10°C in January. Western travelers will find May to October, as a period of nice summer.
In Tamanrasset, the Southern Sahara, but up in cooling mountains with low humidity at around 20%, has June as the warmest month, and January as the coldest. Here the maximum/minimum temperature is 36°C/22°C in June, and 21°C/5°C in January. This region has extremely little rainfall, counting to about 20 mm annually, so the city relies upon water coming down from the nearby Hoggar mountains. Winds are an important part of Algerian climate, in winter often very pleasant, while they in summer can be in the shape of draw thaw wind, called Sirocco and Ghibli. These can be so frequent that they cover 50 days every year in the interior high land, while they cover 20 days in the coastal region.
Travel season whole year, except desert region from November to April
Attractions Nice beaches, a big variety of landscape and and interesting archeological sites
Accommodation Accommodations is often very good, and at reasonably prices, as well as offering quality adjusted to most wallets. But if you head out into the desert or up in the mountains, prepare for a drastic fall in choice. The cleanliness is good, even in the most basic places.
Transportation There are good connections between Algiers and major European cities, as well as many North African and Middle Eastern cities. There are also flights between some French cities, and Algerian cities like Oran, Tlemcen, Constantine, Ghardaïa, and Annaba. Traveling is easily done while you stay in the Mediterranean belt. Communications are excellent, and you can choose between train, bus, shared taxis, and even aircrafts. It is not expensive, and runs smoothly. The moment you set out into the desert, distances, and few travelers will destroy the image created up north. While many roads are good, others are only recommended for 4WDs and lorries. While you get from Algiers to many minor city effectively with planes, you can't go on traveling the same way, as all connections are either from, or to, Algiers. But all in all, moving around is easily done, considering the mere size of Algeria.
Main destinations  
Capital region
- Algiers
- Sidi Fredj
Algiers is worth visiting because of its museums, which are spread all around the city.

Sidi Fredj is very much more important than travelers get the impression of when visiting it. While there is a well structured tourist complex here, coming with a yacht harbor, activity centre, and an open air theatre near the old fortress. Beaches are among the very best in all of North Africa. Sidi Fredj is more than just mindless relaxation, this is also a very important historical site, it was here that the French landed their troops in 1830 in order to colonize Algeria.
Eastern coast
- Djemila
- Constantine
- Kabylia
- Oued el Abiod
- Timgad
With Djemila, Algeria is a strong contender of having the greatest Roman ruins of North Africa. While the ruin area in itself is not one of the largest, it is well preserved, and the adjoining museum, is virtually packed with excellent mosaics.
Constantine (Cirta Regia then) is the largest city of eastern region. Constantine can be found on the top of a gorge protecting the city on almost all sides. As so many other places in North Africa, the fortress and the city has been one and the same. Constantine got help from nature's side. The sights of today are spectacular, especially since this is a fairly big city.
Kabylia is the most scenic of the greener parts of Algeria, and a region of strong symbolic value for Algeria. The local people are Berbers, and they have a very strong cultural identity, an identity that has colored the political landscape of Algeria for decades. The landscape around Kabylia is so diversified, and so dramatic that spending at least a week here, is no problem.
The Oued el Abiod is the product of seasonal rivers cutting through the soft mountains of Aures over millions of years. The gorges are approached en route between Batna and Biskra, along either the N3-route (northern) or the N31-route (southern), but there is so much to see here, that traveling through, f.ex. with public transport, is a real waste. The centre of most visitors' experiences in Oued el Abiod is the village Rhoufi, about 90 km from Batna, where most of the tourist activity is centered around vendors of goat hair carpets. Out from this village the white sided Gorge of Tighanimime can be reached. The Rhoufi balcony will give you an astounding view over another gorge, this one red. Along the steep hill sides, mud-brick villages cling.
Timgad was constructed as a bastion against the Berbers in the Aurès Mountains, by emperor Trajan in AD 100. The city was built after the best Roman plans, with shops, taverns and craftsmen selling from own stalls, as well as a forum almost in the centre, and a theatre just south of this.
- M'zab
- Taghit
M'zab - 10 km long valley with ca. 300,000 green date palms with five small cities. Each of these cities house people belonging to the Moabites, a group known for Puritanism, for homes without chairs and tables, and for high skills in trading. The Puritanism still holds on, and you will discover this from the dresses of the people here as well as the surroundings. If a traveler enters Beni Isguen, he/her has to be accompanied by a guide, since this is a place for Muslims only.
Taghit is a strikingly beautiful place, with strong and seemingly threatening sand dunes (ergs) to the east of the town. The old part of the city is a covered labyrinth, representing the most typical element of Saharan clay architecture. What makes Taghit a must, is that one really gets the feeling of the huge dimensions of the Sahara ergs. The Grand Erg Occidental is the second largest of the two dominating ergs of Algeria and as there is no way any human life could be sustained here, no villages are found inside it, no roads crossing through it.
Activities Algeria has a wide range of features that would be of interest to travlers.  These include cultural centers, museums, and memorials filled with historical backgrounds and items of interest. A small seaside village, Bou Ismail, is a favorite of visitors who enjoy a great fishing experience.  For the water sports lovers, Alger-Plage beach (Algiers- Beach) gives you an opportunity for sailing and boating.  A visit to Tipaza and Berard villages provides a wealth of insights into the fascinating Algerian history, from the Phoenicians to Roman times.  In the northern part of Algiers, (Kasbah), Stand Ketchaoua (a restored Ottoman mosque) and Bitchin mosque with a museum of traditional arts, all offer interesting sights to explore and marvel at.
Algeria will likely be able to direct you with regard to outdoor activities. Trekking through the Sahara either on camel, on foot or by 4x4 is a popular choice and the starkly beautiful scenery is well worth seeing, although it is recommended to do so only with a qualified tour operator.
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